Envisioning Tamil Nadu’s Renewable Energy Scenarios for 2030

Tamil Nadu’s rapid industrial growth and economic development have led to a surge in electricity demand, further fueled by the increasing use of air conditioning (AC) and the adoption of electric vehicles (EVs). India action cooling plan anticipates an eightfold rise in nationwide cooling demand by 2037-38, with Tamil Nadu experiencing substantial growth in this regard. Additionally, 2030 NITI Aayog’s ambitious targets significant EV penetration, shaping the state’s transportation landscape.

These shifting demand dynamics present both challenges and opportunities for Tamil Nadu’s electricity sector planning. This report endeavors to forecast the state’s electricity demand in 2030, considering the expected rise in AC and EV usage, thereby providing valuable insights for informed decision-making.

In alignment with climate goals, Tamil Nadu aims to derive 50% of its energy from renewable sources  2030, capitalizing on its ample wind and solar resources. Presently, 20% of the state’s electricity is sourced from renewables, with plans to increase solar capacity to 20 GW by 2030.

However, integrating renewable sources poses challenges, including managing ramping rates and upgrading infrastructure. The report will explore three scenarios of varying solar and wind penetration, assessing their impact on grid management parameters.

By comprehensively examining these factors, the report aims to offer a comprehensive overview of Tamil Nadu’s energy landscape in 2030, highlighting challenges and opportunities. Based on this analysis the report will provide recommendations to concerned authorities for a seamless transition to a sustainable energy future while fulfilling the state’s growing energy demands.

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